N2N-Hosting Copyright
& UPC/ISRC Codes Information

Copyright Policy

Technically, your music is copyrighted the instant you create it. You are not required to register your copyrights with a government office prior to using N2N-Hosting, however many artists feel more comfortable registering their copyrights before making their songs available for worldwide distribution. We recommend you copyright your material for your own protection.
According to copyright law, the composer owns the copyright to a composition as soon as it is fixed in a tangible medium (written down or recorded). Registering your copyright with the Library of Congress makes this ownership part of the public record, and allows you to sue for monetary damages in the event of a legal dispute regarding the ownership of your songs. You may complete the registration process online at:
www.copyright.gov/eco/
The PA form (Work of the Performing Arts) is the form used to register a composition (words and music). The SR form (Sound Recording) is the form used to register the master or audio recording only.

Universal Product Code (UPC)

What is a UPC bar code and why do I need one?
A UPC bar code is a unique 12-digit serial number that identifies your specific product (in this case, an album) amongst all the other products on the marketplace. You need a UPC if you want to distribute to retailers such as iTunes and Spotify. This is because all of these organizations track and report sales based on the UPC code.
When you want to sell your product through a distributor/retailer (Target, Costco, Amazon, iTunes etc.) that retailer will have you complete a product information form with your details. On that form you will be required to put your company, product details and the 12-Digit UPC barcode number that we provide you with. Once the form is completed, then your retailer will enter your information into their system so they can give you credit for each sale. Each UPC code is simply just a link between your product and the product information form that you fill out for each store that sells your product.We provide FREE GS1 US UPC codes and BITMAP graphic files (used for physical CD’s and merchandise) upon request. These codes can be quite costly when purchased in small quantities and not cost effective for the independent artist selling relatively few units. We understand the struggle and offer free codes to our artists. The ISRC, UPC & BITMAP graphic files provided are your own. Your BITMAP graphic file can either be placed into your album art, or printed onto stickers. N2N Hosting doesn’t do the printing for you; we merely supply the unique UPC bar code graphic and digits. You are responsible for reporting your sales (optional) to SoundScan, although we register your music to their data base free of charge.

What is SoundScan, why does it matter?
SoundScan is a tracking system operated by AC Nielsen, that tracks sales of music and music video products throughout the United States and Canada. Any music product that carries a UPC or EAN barcode and ISRC code is eligible to be tracked by SoundScan. According to their website, “Sales data from point-of-sale cash registers is collected weekly from over 14,000 retail, mass merchant and non-traditional (on-line stores, venues, etc.) outlets. Weekly data is compiled and made available every Wednesday. Nielsen SoundScan is the sales source for the Billboard music charts.”
In order to have a chance at making the Billboard music charts, any release must be registered with SoundScan using UPC number (for the whole album) and ISRC codes (for the individual tracks). Without registration, the sales figures will not be counted, and will remain invisible to the system. You can report your sales with the help of  indiehitmaker.

ISRC Code (International Standard Recording Code)

ISRC, the International Standard Recording Code, is the internationally recognized identification tool for sound and music video recordings. It’s your songs identification code. ISRC codes can be embedded into a physical CD or into an MP3. N2N Productions supplies free ISRC codes upon the artist request. More information regarding ISRC codes can be found here USISRC.org